Standalone Journals

Potential predatory scholarly open-access journals

Instructions: simply enter the journal’s name or its URL in the search box above. If the journal has a publisher that was assessed to be predatory, then it is included on the Publishers list.

Original list

This is an archived version of the Beall’s list – a list of potential predatory journals created by a librarian Jeffrey Beall. We will only update links and add notes to this list.

Last updated January 9, 2017 


Here we include journals that were not originally on the Beall’s list, but may be predatory.

Last updated December 8, 2021

Original description

This is a list of questionable, scholarly open-access standalone journals. For journals published by a publisher, please look for the publisher on the list of publishers, here. This list is only for single, standalone journals.
We recommend that scholars read the available reviews, assessments and descriptions provided here, and then decide for themselves whether they want to submit articles, serve as editors or on editorial boards.  In a few cases, non-open access journals whose practices match those of predatory journals have been added to the list. The criteria for determining predatory journals are here.
We hope that tenure and promotion committees can also decide for themselves how importantly or not to rate articles published in these journals in the context of their own institutional standards and/or geo-cultural locus.  We emphasize that journals change in their business and editorial practices over time. This list is kept up-to-date to the best extent possible but may not reflect sudden, unreported, or unknown enhancements.